Physical therapists, also called physical therapists, are one of the earliest Medical health professions which, using contemporary evidence-based practice, exercise prescription, therapeutic exercise, rehabilitation, and appropriate use of therapeutic movement, kinesiology, and electrotherapy can improve the quality of life of patients with chronic diseases. Physical therapists facilitate self-help programs for pain management and active participation in rehabilitation activities for people with varying degrees of muscular weakness, limitation of mobility, and age or disabilities. Physical Therapists are involved in the prevention, treatment, and relief of mechanical, functional, and psychosomatic disorders of the musculoskeletal system. They are responsible for the education of patients and their families on the benefits of physical therapy and its role in enhancing daily living. Physical Therapists are trained to provide a variety of therapeutic services specific to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system. They are qualified to prescribe and perform a variety of interventions in the field of Physical Therapy Practice.
As their practice areas develop, the physical therapists are expected to establish rapport with patients to address their individual needs. Their work requires the interaction of the patient and the therapist to promote rehabilitation, recovery, and physiotherapeutic change. The physical therapists work with the patients to modify the setting for therapeutic exercise, modifying the application of devices and props, educating the patients on exercise, providing supervised exercise, describing the therapy techniques and methods, providing education concerning safety and effective exercise implementation, and coordinating discharge. Physical therapy field is diverse, with many sub-specialty fields existing for the purposes of addressing different aspects of physical therapy practice areas.
Physical therapists can specialize in specific modalities such as orthopedic, neurological, pediatric, cardiovascular, sports, acute/following injury, geriatric, orthopedic/baseball physical therapy, pediatric/physical therapy rehabilitation therapy, orthopedic/piloting, geriatric/pulmonary rehabilitation therapy, cardiac/respiratory, neurological/encephalopathy, geriatric/pulmonary rehabilitation therapy, pediatric/physical therapy geriatrics, traumatic brain injury, head injuries, pediatrics, trauma/boarding accident, and many more sub-specialties. Physical therapists should be licensed in each specialization area to ensure competence. They should have a thorough understanding of anatomy, physiological principles, diagnosis, treatment methods, and effective follow up care for their patients. Physical therapists should also have an experience and background in dealing with people from a variety of cultures, ages, sexes, economic status, and neurological factors that influence their treatment protocols.
In order to become a physical therapist, you need to first complete a bachelor’s degree specializing in a specific area of physical therapy. The areas include orthopedics, pediatrics, neurology, cardiology, orthopedic, cardiovascular, and rehabilitation therapy. In most states, you need to pass a licensing exam in order to legally practice in any specific area of these areas. To find out the specific requirements of your state, you can contact your state’s Board of Physical Therapy.
After getting your bachelor’s degree, you can choose to further your education by getting a master’s in physical therapy. It is also important to pursue certification through the American Physical Therapy Association or other certification organizations to assure your skills are certified and will benefit you in the job market. Physical therapy can alleviate pain in patients and improve range of motion, coordination, endurance, posture, and muscle tone. It also allows patients to resume normal daily activities such as walking, standing, and eating.
If you want to work with patients in the field of sports medicine, you need to have specialized training that deals with the needs of athletes. To become a sports medicine professional, you need to graduate from a four-year college or university with a sports medicine program. Some physical therapy programs at schools combine the clinical aspect of physical therapy with the academic study of nursing. It will help you become a better athlete and a better patient. It can also help you become a doctor, counselor, or occupational therapist.